Top 10 Genre Composers

This list, #6 on our Top 10 Top 10, is kind of a free-for-all.  I wouldn’t say it’s as vaguely defined as that last list, but it’s definitely more of a game game than trying to analyze who the most influential composers were.  The idea is to pick composer whose overall output may not have been worthy of the greatest pantheon, but who did write one genre of music better than anyone else.

You’ll pick it up as you go along.

1. Johann Strauss Jr. (1825 – 1899) – Waltzes

Nothing beats a good old fashioned waltz.  I use them in my own music all the time.  And nobody ever wrote a better waltz than the great Viennese legend Johann Strauss, Jr.  He was so passionate about three-quarter time that he even defied his famous composer father – in order to follow in his very footsteps (Johann Sr. had a banking career in mind for his sohn.)

He is rightly fêted every year on New Year’s Eve by the World’s Greatest Strauss Orchestra, the Vienna Philharmonic:

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(Rosen aus dem Süden, VPO/Boskovsky)

2. Charlies Villiers Stanford (1852 – 1924) – English Church Music

Leave it to an Irishman to best the English at their own game.  The English choral tradition is a quite specific thing.  There’s the whole issue of dueling churches, the Anglican and the Catholic.  Certain composers specialized in one or the other.  Certain composers were glad to be denominational mercenaries.

Another irony in my selecting Mr. Stanford for this particular honor is that I submit as his outstanding work a Latin Motet:

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(Beati Quorum Via, Cambridge/Rutters)

3. Kurt Weill (1900 – 1950) – Cabaret Songs

What I love about Weill’s songs is how sardonic they are.  He displays a remarkably dark wit in the interplay of his spiky harmonies with the light lyrics (which he didn’t write).  His music represents the gritty world that his characters inhabit.

I also like how many of his cabaret songs are real Cabaret Songs – that is, the lyric sets them inside an actual cabaret.  It’s much like a Saloon Song.

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(“Alabama Song”, Marianne Faithfull)

4. Giacomo Puccini (1858 – 1924) – Opera

Puccini appears on my lists of Top 10 Melodists and Top 10 Composers for Non Concert Settings (i.e. the stage).  So, it should be pretty obvious why I would put him as the top opera man.  I’ll be interested to see if the Wagner contingent mounts a strong defense.  As much as I adore Richard’s music, I’d prefer to listen to it in smaller, concert-sized chunks.

5. Vladislav Zolotaryov (1942 – 1975) – Bayan Music

OK, so here’s a composer and an instrument that you’ve likely never heard of, but get ready, because it’s going to be way better than you expected.

First off, this is a bayan:

Basically, it’s a Russian/Eastern European accordion, which differs from the regular accordion in some way or another.

[Now, apparently there is an alternate meaning to the word ‘bayan’ of which I’m wholly unaware.  If you want to find out what it is, or what it might be, or what ‘bayan’ might autocorrect to in some bizarre google conspiracy world, you could do a google image search for ‘bayan’, but I strongly recommend against it.]

So, we’ve established that much.  Everything I know about this composer’s biography comes from the liner notes of the one CD I’ve found with his music on it.  Apparently his parents were prisoners of the Gulag and he was born in the northernmost region of northeastern Siberia.  Great start.  He excelled at the bayan, and got some training in music at a small conservatory.  He was rejected several times from the Moscow Conservatory before he finally made it in to study composition.  He committed suicide at the age of 33.

He composed a number of pieces for other instruments, but this is where he made his mark:

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(“I’m recalling instances of gloomy sorrow”, David Farmer)

6. (F.) Joseph Haydn (1732 – 1809) – Minuets

In many ways, I think the minuet was Haydn’s genre par excellence.  These pieces were not written for dancing.  They were written to add a dance scene into the dramatic flow of his symphonies (as I touched on in the discussion of Piazzolla in last list.)  Haydn was a wry observer of human interaction, and he humanizes his noble acquaintances in these minuets.

We might hear the heavy brocade weighing down the upper crust, or see the lush curtains and the warm glow of the gaslit ballroom.  We might sense the hesitations and embarrassments of the youth present, relishing their only opportunity for flirtation in a highly formalized milieu (then we catch them as they sneak out to the veranda.)  There are the dancers who don’t quite know the steps and their bashful apologies; then there are the big fat ladies with two left feet who couldn’t be less aware.

It’s all just so funny and charming and gemütlich:

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(Symphony No. 94, LSO/Jochum)

7. Sufjan Stevens (1975 – ) – Pensive Old-Testament Banjo Ballads

OK, so there’s obviously a lot of things that Sufjan Stevens does impressively well.  And in my opinion, there’s a lot of things he does better than anyone else.  But in this category, he’s pretty much got to be the undisputed leader, right?

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(The Transfiguration)

8. J. S. Bach (1685 – 1750) – Music for Solo Strings

I think Bach’s cello suites and solo violin sonatas & partitas are every bit as great an accomplishment as his works for organ and the big choral-orchestral combinations.  Not only are they shockingly original and deeply emotive, but they link him to other European masters of the solo viol, like Marin Marais and the incorrigible Monsieur de Sainte-Colombe.

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(B minor partita; Grumiaux)

9. W. A. Mozart (1754 – 1792)Piano Concerti

This is a genre-composer combination on many levels: that is to say, not only do I think Mozart wrote the definitive collection of piano concerti, but I think that the piano concerto was the definitive Mozart genre.  So chew on that one for a while.

For me, these are Mozart’s greatest operas.  They have the beauty, the drama, and the songfulness of his operas, but they condense the plot into about 30 minutes.  Who wouldn’t like that?

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(D minor concerto, Brendel, St. Martin/Marriner)

10. Michel LeGrand (1932 – ) – Jazz Opera Film

Aside from Les Parapluies de Cherbourg, just how many other Jazz Opera Films are there?  Well, there’s a least one: Les Demoiselles de Rochefort - ALSO by Michel LeGrand.  I’d say he sweeps this category.

No but seriously, he wrote such a gorgeous score for Les Parapluies.  And I know there’s a lotta h8trs out there, and h8trs gotta h8t.  And I hate that Steven Sondheim is one of them, and that he said that he thinks this “just doesn’t work” or whatever.  But then again, he was in Camp which might be the worst movie ever made, so with all due respect Steve, let’s just tone it down an notch, shall we?

I mean, come on:

Discuss

This is easily the most ridiculous list so far.  [Just you wait!]  But I think it should make for a good game, because there’s at least three ways to play:

1) Make your own damn list

2) Replace the composer for the category.
Example: Khatchaturian was a way better writer of waltzes than Johann Strauss Jr. ever was! [as if]
or Thomas Tomkins was a much finer composer of English choral music than was Charles Villiers Stanford! [perhaps…]

3) Drop one of my category-composer combos and say that your guy did his thing better than mine did his.
Example: Conlon Nancarrow was a much better writer of boogie-woogie piano rolls than Kurt Weill  was of Cabaret Songs!



7 Responses to “Top 10 Genre Composers”

  1. David Stech says:

    1. Waltzes:
    Ravel and R. Strauss come to mind as much more entertaining and musically brilliant.  Of course, there’s no restraint but there’s still quintessential charm (e.g. Rosenkavalier and Valses nobles et sentimentales).

    B.New category: Sonatas for solo instrument and piano
    Brahms. I mean really, is there ever a better union of chamber music at the highest and deepest level that includes piano?

    III. String Quartet:
    I’d propose that there IS no clear winner. In the same way, there is no clear winner of a “greatest symphony composer” or “piano solo work”. It’s not that it’s too vast a category. It’s that there are several grand masters of the genre, which, as if now, no one can really claim.

    • willcwhite says:

      1. Hmm… the idea of Ravel and Strauss as challengers to the Waltz king. Well, OK, the Rosenkavalier Waltzes are definitely everything a Waltz ought to be. But what other waltzes does he have? No, really, I just don’t know. But there’s no way that he could turn out waltz sets with such consistency and variety as Strauss.

      Now to Ravel. The Valses Nobles et Sentimentales barely count as waltzes – some are too fast, some are too slow. Don’t get me wrong, I think it’s a brilliant piece, but I think the brilliance lies in the fact that Ravel uses 3/4 time as his canvass (much as Sondheim did in “A Little Night Music”) and then paints a wide variety of character sketches upon them. Which again is brilliant, but I’d at least like to be able to dance to them.

      B. I’d raise the ante – why not just “chamber music with piano”. I’d buy it.

      III. Agreed. To hard. Although if I had to pick a string quartet person, I’d probably pick Beethoven.

  2. Kevin David Thomas says:

    I LOVE that you put Sufjan Stevens on this list.

  3. I think Handel pretty much kills it where oratorio is concerned. (Of course, Bach owns the Lutheran cantata as well, but let’s face it, Bach would also own fugue, chorale prelude, and beautiful arias that are painfully awkward for the singer.)

    I also think Schubert owns the song cycle, even if it’s mainly for two sets, and even though Schumann’s outstanding as well.

    One could easily add nocturnes, ballades, and mazurkas for Chopin, but maybe we’ll just give him the “character piece for piano.” Or maybe that becomes too vague.

    And, although there are plenty of other good candidates, I think Rossini deserves a special citation for overtures.

    Zolotaryov, LeGrand and Stevens don’t do much for me, so they’re out.

    I’m tossing out Mozart and the piano concerto – as with the symphony, there are just too many other great candidates.

    • willcwhite says:

      Agreed re: Handel, and I especially love them when conductors make enough cuts to keep my attention from lagging. I mean, I totally love the guy’s music, and any one of his arias/choruses is enough to enrapture me, but it’s just like, enough is enough at some point. I’m sure Handel would agree if it meant more ticket sales.

      Not that I would put him on the list, but I really have to disagree about -bert > -mann in the song cycle arena. Come on – “Dichterliebe” anyone? Not only are the individual songs emotionally specific to the extreme, but I feel like Schumann takes me inside his imagination and engages me in such a seductive meditation that I am helpless to leave

      Honestly, I had half a mind to put Chopin in under the “solo piano” category, and that was way too vague. I really like your specifier of “character pieces”. It’s a perfect fit, and had I access to such a moniker when I was making the list, that definitely would have made it.

      Rossini is hereby awarded a special citation for overtures. So is Dvorak for concert overtures and Wagner for Preludes.

  4. Oh, and surely Mendelssohn gets some attention for his brand of scherzi – which I prefer to Haydn’s minuets; so goodbye, Papa Joe.